The research on home automation for energy sustainability
Trends in Total Recall: Developing Renewable Energy Targets 20-20-20; Directive 2012/27/EU Energy Efficiency and Smart Grid; One third of total consumption occurs in the home; Prosumer: Evolution in the Domestic, Over 25 Billion Related Items in 2015 (Internet of Things) the number of mobile device has exceeded the world's population at the end of 2012 (expected 12 billion at the end of 2020); Increasing computing power of household appliances (20,000 instructions per second).
In this scenario, home automation assumes a central importantanza in the residential sector.
Home automation is an interdisciplinary science that encompasses several areas (engineering, electrical engineering, electronics, telecommunications, computer science) all aimed at improving the quality of life, and all combined into a single management and which is related with user interface screens, remote controls or voice recognition.
The challenge is to improve the quality of life (and with it the security, maintenance, use, cost management, optimization, modernization of facilities) while protecting the environment (saving resources) through modern technologies. In real terms this is to digitize many of the functions that are already active in our homes, such as the use and optimization of water, electricity and gas; operation of our appliances that can be programmed to operate even in our absence; improve the various devices used for our phones as telecommunications, telephones, internet, and television, as well as the various security systems such as cameras, car alarms, anti-theft systems and fire protection. In a nutshell, the house will become an integrated system of functions.
For this purpose there are research centers for this purpose. The Italian Consortium for Research on Ambient "HOME lab", founded in April, 2011, works in the field of research on products and services inside the house with the aim of defining interoperability standards for home automation, reduction of consumption, energy efficiency, remote monitoring, assistance and monitoring of people with reduced mobility / cognition, active and passive safety. The research is based on sharing and on open innovation. The research projects are funded directly by the consortium members. Among the participating companies: Ariston Thermo Group Propeller, Indesit Company, Loccioni, MR & D Institute, Spes, Teuco Guzzini-and Polytechnic University of Marche.
In general, it is proposed to think differently and have a systems approach.
The objective is twofold: to create innovation and, on the other hand, promote a new role for the appliance connected to the network, to communicate the events of interaction with the user by helping to monitor his daily activities and to detect abnormal behavior that may highlight
situations of hardship or danger. The appliance will then assume the role of "vitality sensor" of users.